On August 12, 2021 NLRB General Counsel Jennifer A. Abruzzo issued her “Mandatory Submissions to Advice” memorandum (Memorandum GC 21-04), outlining her agenda items and priority issues for NLRB Regional Directors, Officers-in-Charge, and Resident Officers. The memorandum offers a glimpse into a number of issues the new General Counsel believes need to be re-evaluated, largely because, as she indicated in the memo, the prior Board “overrul[ed] many legal precedents which struck an appropriate balance between the rights of workers and the obligations of unions and employers.” Given the current political climate, and the position of the General Counsel, employers can expect significant NLRB policy changes in the coming years.

The memo is divided into three sections. The first section Identifying “doctrinal shifts” of the past several years. The memorandum identifies 11 precedential topics she will be focusing on, likely to the detriment of employers, those being:

  • Employer Handbook rules
  • Confidentiality provisions/Separation agreements and instructions
  • What constitutes protected concerted activity
  • Wright Line/General Counsel’s burden
  • Remedial issues
  • Union access
  • Union dues
  • Employee status
  • Board jurisdiction over religious institutions
  • Employer duty to recognize and/or bargain
  • Deferral

The second section identifies seven additional areas and initiatives the General Counsel wants to carefully examine during her tenure, including: (1) Employee status, (2) Weingarten, (3) National Mediation Board vs. NLRB jurisdiction, (4) Employer duty to recognize and/or bargain, (5) Employees’ Section 7 right to strike and/or picket, (6) Remedies and compliance, and (7) Employer interference with employees’ Section 7 rights.

The third and final section identifies a litany of other casehandling matters the General Counsel will be focusing on, ranging from cases involving injunctions, partial lockouts, and the need to harmonize the NLRA with local, state and other federal statutes.

While the General Counsel’s memorandum is extensive, it only generally outlines topics that General Counsel, and presumably the Biden administration, will be focusing on over the next several years. It is not entirely clear how the General Counsel plans to change the matters identified. It is fair to assume, however, that the General Counsel will focus on changing the identified topics in such a way to further protect employees and their right to collectively bargain. At this time we don’t know precisely what changes will be made, but it is fair to assume the Board will seek to reimplement prior-democratic era interpretations of the issues identified. Unless and until a case is actually before the NLRB, how the current law will be changed is unknown.

Based on the topics covered in the General Counsel’s memorandum, employers approaching collective bargaining should think strategically about the current state of their management’s rights clauses, and other reserved rights as outlined in their CBA. The General Counsel may very well focus on specific rights and waivers outlined in the CBA. Employers should likely proceed with trying to obtain contract language that is as specific as possible in the near future.

Employers should also be thinking more critically about what constitutes protected concerted activity, looking closely at workplace rules that may be focused on limiting certain speech or behavior at work. This exercise should also not be limited to unionized employers as non-union employees have Weingarten rights, and a proactive Board will seek to ensure that standard is maintained, and potentially even expanded. Non-union employers need to be on guard for expansive labor policies that the new General Counsel could seek to enforce, likely attempting to distance the current Board from policies implemented and utilized during the Trump administration.

If you have any questions regarding the General Counsel’s memorandum, or issues related to labor and employment law, feel free to contact an attorney in Frantz Ward’s Labor & Employment Practice Group.

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Photo of Michael J. Frantz Michael J. Frantz

For over forty years, Mike’s practice has been devoted to the exclusive representation of employers and their management teams in dealing with the full range of labor and employment issues. He has represented employers in contract negotiations with virtually every major union in…

For over forty years, Mike’s practice has been devoted to the exclusive representation of employers and their management teams in dealing with the full range of labor and employment issues. He has represented employers in contract negotiations with virtually every major union in the U.S. and Canada. Throughout his career he has focused on representing health care and higher education institutions, as well as manufacturing companies and service organizations.

Mike’s practice also includes serving as outside general counsel for a number of his clients. He also serves as a member of the Board of Directors or in other corporate positions for many clients. Nothing gives Mike greater satisfaction as a lawyer than to become known as a trusted advisor to those clients.

Mike currently serves as a member of the firm’s Management Committee that is charged with the responsibility of focusing on the strategic planning and overseeing the day-to-day administration of the firm. He has been recognized at the highest ranking, Band 1, in the area of Labor and Employment by Chambers USA: America’s Guide to Leading Lawyers in Business and designated Best Lawyers’ “2018 Lawyer of the Year” in Labor Law—Management in Cleveland. Mike is continuously named to The Best Lawyers in America and the Ohio Super Lawyers lists.

Photo of Jonathan Scandling Jonathan Scandling

Jon focuses his practice on the representation of management in all aspects of labor and employment law. He provides counseling and training to clients for best practices on a wide range of human resource issues such as terminations, compliance with employment laws, workplace…

Jon focuses his practice on the representation of management in all aspects of labor and employment law. He provides counseling and training to clients for best practices on a wide range of human resource issues such as terminations, compliance with employment laws, workplace investigations, and the preparation of policies and employment agreements. Jon also assists with the implementation of arbitration agreements and policies for employers.

Jon has extensive experience in public sector labor & employment law, with much of his practice revolving around traditional labor matters. Prior to Frantz Ward, Jon worked for Cuyahoga County as an Assistant Law Director in the Labor & Employment Group. While at the County, Jon’s practice involved traditional labor matters where he represented management in a complex labor/management relationship comprised of over 37 separate bargaining units, employment litigation and general employment counseling. He appeared in both state and federal court, and represented management in State Employment Relations Board hearings, contract negotiations, grievance arbitration and various other forums. Jon also has extensive experience dealing directly with various public sector unions, ranging from deputy and correction officers to office workers and clerical employees. He also was a law clerk for the State Employment Relations Board in Columbus.

Photo of Ryan T. Smith Ryan T. Smith

Ryan focuses his practice on employment litigation and labor relations. He represents management in state and federal courts and before administrative agencies in a wide range of matters, including employment discrimination, retaliation, and harassment, wage and hour disputes, including class and collective actions…

Ryan focuses his practice on employment litigation and labor relations. He represents management in state and federal courts and before administrative agencies in a wide range of matters, including employment discrimination, retaliation, and harassment, wage and hour disputes, including class and collective actions, and breaches of non-competition and other types of employment agreements. Ryan also represents employers in traditional labor matters, at arbitrations and before the National Labor Relations Board.

When not representing employers in active disputes, Ryan counsels them on key employment decisions such as wage and hour compliance, leave administration, and terminations, and on various aspects of the collective bargaining relationship. He also drafts employment agreements and policy manuals.